Kozia brána

History

The construction of the medieval fortifications of the city of Bratislava ((mostly known as Pressburg / Poszony in history)) began in the 13th century. By the end of the 14th century, three gates leading to the town were built:  Michalská Gate (na severe), (in the north), Vydrická Gate (in the west), Laurin Gate (in the east). In the 15th century, another, smaller gate was completed – the Fisherman’s Gate (in the south, facing the Danube). Gradually, the suburbs grew along the walls, which were on the orders of King Sigismund, after the Hussite invasion on one side protected by the embankment and dam. The city’s outer line had five gates: Kozia brána, Suché mýto, Dunajská, Špitálska and Schóndorf (today’s Obchodná street)
historická bratislava
Origin of the name

kozia brána

Most of the medieval system of the city fortifications was demolished in 1775 by order of the Hungarian Empress Maria Theresa. The rest was demolished in the 18th and 19th centuries. The only preserved integral section of the walls stretches from the Cathedral of St. Martin at the intersection of Na vŕšku and Kapitulská streets. However, it is inaccessible to the public, even though it is a tourist attraction and an important shortcut to the city center. Kozia brána was located at the upper end of today’s Goat Street. She allegedly drove her goats pasture on the slopes of the Little Carpathians, from which her name was derived. A pipe led through the street and the gate, which brought drinking water from the spring on Šulekova Street to the city fountains.
Historická fotka ulice Kozia
City

walls

At the time of excavation of the foundations for the house of Palisade no. 14 in the early 1960s, the foundations of a circular building were shown to the right of the gate site. It could have been a gate-related defensive bastion or a water reservoir. The city walls were built of stone, the walls were 130-160 centimeters thick. According to Slovak historians, the medieval fortifications were built from the end of the 13th century to the middle of the 14th century. The surface of the walls was formed by battlements.

16. century

and present

The threat of a Turkish invasion in the 16th century was the cause of the reconstruction of the walls by Italian specialists in building fortifications. Further changes were planned in the 17th century, but only changes were made to the castle fortifications. As the city’s inner fortifications slowed its growth, ditches were filled in and the city merged with the suburbs. At the beginning of the 19th century, the outer walls were demolished.

At present, only the Michalská Gate is preserved and a short, about 200 meters long section of the former walls near the Cathedral of St. Martin, which was renovated after a massive demolition under the castle in connection with the construction of the SNP bridge and its access road. At the same time, other sections of the fortification were uncovered.

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Reštaurácia Kozia brána